Kabir Das: A Mystic Poet
पाहन पूजें हरि मिलें, तो मैं पूजूँ पहार। याते यह चाकी भली, पीस खाये संसार।।
Kabir Das was born in 1398 AD. Many things are said by people regarding the birth of Kabir Das, some people say that he was born from the womb of Brahmini, a widow of Kashi, with the blessings of Jagat Guru Ramanand Swami.
Brahmani threw that newborn baby near Lahartara Tal. He was brought from there by a weaver named Neeru to his house and he took care of him. Later this child came to be called Kabir. Some people say that he was a Muslim by birth and in his youth, under the influence of Swami Ramanand, he came to know about Hinduism, one day, at night Kabir Das fell on the steps of Panchganga Ghat.
Ramanand ji was coming down the stairs to take a bath in the Ganges, when suddenly his foot fell on Kabir’s body, immediately the word Ram-Ram came out of his mouth, Kabir accepted the same Ram as the initiation-mantra and Ramanand ji was his guru. accepted.
Kabir Das ji was not only a great poet, but also a scholarly thinker and social reformer, he wrote many works through his imagination and positive thoughts and explained the importance of Indian culture. Kabir Das ji, the leading poet of Bhaktikal, through his compositions, explained to the people the right way to live life.
Apart from this, he also tried to remove evils like caste discrimination, high and low etc. prevalent in his society. Along with this, he made an important contribution in enriching Hindi literature. Kabirdas ji had knowledge of many languages, in his compositions and couplets, Braj, Haryanvi, Punjabi, Hindi, Awadhi, Rajasthani, including Khari dialect are seen.
According to a verse of Kabir Das, the right way to live life is his religion. He is neither Hindu nor Muslim by religion. Kabir Das ji has been very critical of religious rituals. He has also opposed the evil practices going on in the name of religion. The birth of Kabir Das was contemporary with the establishment of Sikhism, that is why his influence is visible in Sikhism as well. Kabir had to face opposition from Hindus and Muslims many times during his lifetime.
Kabir Das is known as a saint of the society who has not only shown the mirror to the people through his life but has been teaching life lessons to the people through his creations till date. There is a different satisfaction experience after reading or listening to every couplet written by Sant Kabirdas.
According to Kabirdas ji, the place of Guru is more than that of God. He compared the Guru to a potter who made an earthen pot. He used to say that just as a potter beats an earthen pot from outside and changes it into the right shape by applying his hand from inside, in the same way the guru also brings his disciple on the right path by beating him.
During the time of Kabirdas ji, such a belief was spread among the people that death in Magahar leads to hell. Therefore, knowing his death near, Kabir moved from Kashi to Maghar so that he could end this belief spread in the society. In 1518 AD, Kabirdas ji died in Maghar itself.
It is said that there was a dispute over his dead body. Hindus wanted to burn the dead body according to their custom while Muslims wanted to bury his dead body. In such a situation, when his dead body was seen after removing the sheet, some flowers were found in place of the dead body. Both Hindus and Muslims distributed the flowers and cremated them according to their faith and belief.
Kabirdas ji is known as a fearless saint who speaks truth. His voice purifies the conscience even today. He has not given the message of worshiping God in any of his couplets or compositions. Rather, he always taught to live life with truth and honesty, staying away from false pretensions.
गुरु गोविन्द दोऊ खड़े, काके लागूं पायं।
बलिहारी गुरु आपने, गोविन्द दियो बताय ।।
अर्थ: कबीरदास जी कहते हैं कि मेरे सम्मुख गुरु और ईश्वर दोनों खड़े हैं और मैं इस दुविधा में हूँ की पहले किसके चरण स्पर्श करूँ। लेकिन इस स्थिति में पहले गुरु के चरण स्पर्श करना ही उचित है क्योंकि गुरु ने ही ईश्वर तक जाने का मार्ग बताया है।
यह तन विष की बेलरी, गुरु अमृत की खान।
सीस दिए जो गुर मिलै, तो भी सस्ता जान।।
अर्थ: कबीरदास जी कहते हैं कि यह शरीर विष से भरा हुआ है और गुरु अमृत की खान है। यदि आपको अपना सर अर्पण करके भी सच्चा गुरु मिलता है, तो भी यह सौदा बहुत सस्ता है।
लम्बा मारग, दूरि घर, विकट पंथ बहु मार।
कहौ संतो क्यों पाइये, दुर्लभ हरी-दीदार।।
अर्थ: कबीरदास जी कहते हैं कि घर बहुत दूर है और वहां का रास्ता बहुत लम्बा तथा अत्यंत कठिन है जिसमे अनेक प्रकार के ठग हैं। हे संतों आप ही बताइये कि परमात्मा का दुर्लभ दर्शन कैसे प्राप्त हो सकता है।
कबीर कूता राम का, मुतिया मेरा नाउं।
गले राम की जेवड़ी, जित कैंचे तित जाउं।।
अर्थ: कबीरदास जी कहते हैं कि मैं तो राम का कुत्ता हूँ और मोती मेरा नाम है। मेरे गले में राम नाम की जंजीर है, जिधर वह ले जाता है मैं उधर ही चला जाता हूँ।
माटी कहे कुम्हार से, तू क्या रोंदे मोहे।
एक दिन ऐसा आएगा, मैं रौंदूंगी तोहे।।
अर्थ: कबीरदास जी कहते हैं कि मिट्टी कुम्हार से कहती है कि तुम मुझे क्या रौंदते हो, एक दिन ऐसा आएगा जब तुम भी इसी मिटटी में मिल जाओगे, तब मैं तुम्हे रौंदूंगी। भाव यह है कि समय हमेशा एक जैसा किसी का नहीं रहता है। किसी भी चीज का अभिमान नहीं करना चाहिए।